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全民健康托起全面小康! 国新办发布《​中国的全面小康》白皮书

来源:国新办官网编辑:miaomiao2021-09-30阅读量:12249

  国务院新闻办公室9月28日发表《中国的全面小康》白皮书。白皮书指出,全民健康托起全面小康。


 

  中共中央宣传部副部长、国务院新闻办公室主任徐麟


  ——整理了一个双语版本,还可以自修英文——


  以下内容截取自《中国的全面小康》白皮书:


  全民健康托起全面小康。新中国成立以来,从疫病横行到可防可控,从缺医少药到病有所医,从只能本地报销到逐步异地结算,从单纯医院就医到家庭医生签约服务覆盖面不断扩大,中国医疗卫生体系逐步健全,医疗资源配置进一步优化,人们看病难、看病贵的问题逐步得到缓解(专栏6)。


  Health care is ensured for all.In its early days the PRC was ravaged by disease and plagued by in a dequate medical resources,but it is now capable of effective disease prevention and control,and of providing satisfactory medical services to its people.It has shifted its medical insurance policy from local reimbursement only to trans-regional settlement,and extended its medical services from hospitals only to care provided by growing numbers of contracted family doctors.These represent components of asound medical and health care system with better allocated medical resources,and help to address the problems of difficult and expensive access to medical treatment(Panel 6).



  Panel 6 Achievements in Medical and Health CareServices


  Based on its national conditions,China constantlyrefines its three-level medical service network covering urban and rural areas,with disease prevention remaining the priority.It has given better access to medical services to one fifth of the world’s population.In 2020,the number ofmedical and health institutions in China exceeded 1 million,with 9.1 million beds and 10.7 million health professionals.A basic public health servicesystem is in place,providing disease prevention and control,health education,maternal and child health care,and mental health care,among other professional services.


  Equal access to basic public health services issupported by a per capita government subsidy that has increased from RMB15 in2009 to RMB74 in 2020.Nineteen services including endemic disease prevention and treatment have been added to the 12 categories of basic public health services,provided to the public free of charge.


  The average life expectancy in China rose from67.8 years in 1981 to 77.3 years in 2019;infant mortality declined from 37.6per 1,000 at the end of 1970s to 5.4 per 1,000 in 2020;and maternal mortality dropped from 43.2 per 100,000 in 2002 to 16.9 per 100,000 in 2020.


  医疗技术水平和服务能力不断提升,“互联网+医疗健康”持续发展,医药价格逐步回归合理水平,越来越多的常用药、救命药纳入医保目录,人民群众看得上病、看得起病、看得好病。城乡基本医疗公共服务均等化不断推进,农村医疗卫生服务体系持续改善,医疗保障制度不断健全,农村居民看病就医有地方、有医生、有保障,因病致贫、因病返贫问题得到有效解决。


  Medical technologies and service capabilities haverisen as internet applications boost the sector.As part of its endeavor toensure affordable and effective medical services,China has brought drug prices down to reasonable levels and regularly adds common drugs and life-saving drugs to the medical insurance list.There is no letup in the drive to provide equal access to basic public medical services in both urban and rural areas.A better medical and health care service system and a sound medical insurance system inrural areas have guaranteed medical services for rural residents,and helped prevent people from falling into,or back into poverty due to ill health.


  健康中国行动加快推进,全民健身和全民健康持续融合,有利于健康的生活方式、生产方式、经济社会发展模式和治理模式正在形成。人民健康水平不断提升,从新中国成立之初处于世界平均水平到现在处于中等收入国家前列。中国取得抗击新冠肺炎疫情重大战略成果,中国医疗卫生体制的优越性进一步彰显,人民生命健康得到有效维护。


  The Healthy China initiative is part of the country’s effort to pursue fitness for all and health for all.The results canbe seen in the form of lifestyles,approaches to work,and models of social and economic development and governance that are conducive to public health.Inpublic health,China has steadily risen from an average world rating to thefront ranks among middle-income countries.China’s fight against Covid-19 safeguards the life and health of the people,and its achievements in this battle bear witness to the strengths of China’s medical and health care system.


- END -
健康 国新办 全面小康

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